The Nervous System: Membrane layer Potential Composition

The Nervous System: Membrane Potential

1 .

Record the intracellular and extracellular concentrations of the following ions (mM/L):

Intracellular

Extracellular

Salt (Na+)

Potassium (K+)

Chloride (Cl–)

2 .

Excitable skin cells, like neurons, are more poroso to ___________ than to ___________.

a few.

How could the following changes affect the membrane layer permeability to K+? Work with arrows to indicate the change in permeability.

a. An increase in the quantity of passive K+ channels ___________ b. Opening of voltage-gated K+ programs ___________

c. Closing of voltage-gated K+ channels ___________

4.

a. What acts as a chemical force that shoves K+ out of the cell? ___________ b. What force will pull K+ back into the cell? _____________________

5.

When the two pushes listed above happen to be equal and opposite within a cell permeable only to K+, this is known as the _________________________ potential for K+ which is ___________ mV.

6th.

In an restless cell, as well permeable to Na+ and Cl–, the gradients described in question some would both equally tend to maneuver Na+ ___________ the cell.

7.

Would the gradient in question 5 promote or perhaps oppose the movement of Cl– in to the cell?

a.

b.

almost 8.

Since the neuron is permeable to Na+ as well as K+, the resting membrane potential is not equal to the equilibrium possibility of K+, rather it is ___________ mV.

being unfaithful.

What makes up for the movement (leakage) of Na+ and K+ ions? ______________

10.

What will happen to the regenerating membrane potential of an restless cell if: (Write pos or neg to indicate which in turn way the membrane potential would change. ) a.

↑ extracellular fluid focus of K+ ___________

w.

↓ extracellular fluid attention of K+ ___________

c.

↑ extracellular fluid focus of Na+ ___________

g.

↓ quantity of passive Na+ channels ___________

e.

wide open voltage-gated K+ channels ___________

f.

open up voltage-gated Na+ channels ___________...