Power because Exercised in Totalitarian Routines of the Stalinist Era Dissertation

Mao Zedong, founder of the Peoples' Republic of China, once said that " Every communist must hold the truth: political power increases out of the barrel or clip of a gun. ” Zedong's metaphor accurately characterizes the oppressive mother nature of the Communism regime with the Stalinist time. Such totalitarian systems keep control over the citizens through the exercise of coercion, incentive systems, advertising, and divulgacion. This kind of totalitarian government desired to deprive its people of specific rights and integrate these people into the system as elements of the Stalinist machine. In a single Day inside the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Alexander Solzhenitsyn illustrates how the Stalinist labor camps, or perhaps gulags, employed various methods of monitoring, the constant dehumanization of political prisoners, manipulative reward systems, and repeated brutality and force to maintain control over criminals and maintain the ideology of Stalinism. Another perspective of the Stalinist power framework is offered in Andrezej Wajda's controversial film, Man of Marble where a young filmmaker tries to discover the truth about a former national icon, Birkut, whom fell to obscurity and encounters repeated resistance in her tries to do so. This kind of film shows how the Stalinist government altered the press and censored controversial books, film, and artwork to portray fake government success and brainwash its citizens into obeying the repressive regime. This paper will analyze the several mechanisms of power utilized by the Stalinist totalitarian regimes depicted in Solzhenitsyn's book and Gentleman of Marble and will further more evaluate how the study of power in specific traditional situations enables historians to determine the motivations of these in electric power and the success of selected power set ups to achieve its goals and give for its individuals.

In Solzhenitsyn's 1 day in the Existence of Ivan Denisovich, the labor camps are depicted as a microcosm for the totalitarian condition in existence. Gulags became the Soviet government's method of transforming individuals underneath its control into obedient workers existing simply to bodily construct the Soviet express and strengthen the economy when embodying the ideology of the Stalinist system. The prisoners were required to work in extreme weather conditions, consume very little food, wear almost no clothing, and were urged to spy on one another to enhance their person situations. Most of the prisoners inside the cap happen to be helpless patients who must not even be imprisoned; the Soviet authorities possess unjustly reprimanded them for they provide totally free labor. On the camp, most of the officials delight in treating the prisoners with excessive rudeness. The Captain is sentenced to 10 days of simple confinement because he has worn an illegal jersey underneath his uniform in order to stay warm. In addition they think nothing at all of robbing part of the measely rations in the prisoners to enable them to have more for themselves. The criminals cannot acquire adequate health care for the rule in the hospital is usually to admit only two people a day no matter how a large number of may be sick. Consider for example , the exchange between Buynovsky, who amusingly announces the Soviet rule, and Shukhov which shows the ludicrous pompousness with the Soviet government: " Since then it's been decreed that the sunshine is top at 1 o'clock, ” Shukhov responds, " Who also said that? ” and Buynovsky replies " The Soviet government. ” () Pertaining to the heroes laws are unavoidable and arbitrary. The Soviet individuals have little to say in their authorities and they perform what it explains to them to do. Buynovsky's joke reveals the Soviet regime's delusion of grandeur. Shukhov's forced bogus confession to being a traitor to his country also exemplifies how the Soviet government matches the truth to fits it is needs. The Soviet routine imagines on its own stronger than not only the sunlight but also reality itself. Furthermore, Volkovoy's differing reactions to Buynovsky's charges...

Cited: Man of Marble. Uns. Andrezej Wajda. Poland 1977

Solzhenitsyn, Alexander. One Day inside the Life of Ivan Denisovich. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux Incorporation, 1991.

The meaning of Totalitarian. www.dictionary.reference.com/browse/totalitarian